Elements of Design
A theme is essential to any garden
Before beginning any garden design, have a theme in mind. The garden design icon, Russell Page, said in his book, The Education of a Gardener, "Gardens must have a theme...a connecting thread in the planting and composition (which is) sufficiently clear."
The Seven Elements of Garden Design
There are seven elements of garden design. Good design incorporates as many as possible.
Simplicity breeds elegance. Simplicity says that little is needed to make a statement.
"...the most striking and satisfying visual pleasure comes from the repetition or the massing of one simple element. Imagine the Parthenon with each column of a different kind of marble!"
Too much repetition becomes monotony. Variety is used to control repetition and spark interest. Use variety to prevent boredom, and provide a reason to look further.
According to Catherine Ziegler, author of The Harmonious Garden, "Absence of focus... weakens plants associations to dullness... Anything special and different in the landscape creates emphasis by its greater variety..."
This is the rhythm of the landscape. Sequence causes the eye to move over a landscape in a specific order, from point of emphasis to point of emphasis.
Preserve balance between fore, mid and background; side to side.
Scale is proportion; the feeling about the way one unit relates to another in size.